As offshore wind is set to take off as the next clean energy resource in the United States, it is crucial to understand potential impacts, plan carefully, and engage with other oceans users throughout the planning and project development process. That’s exactly what has happened in the case of U.S. offshore wind.
This document summarizes scientific literature detailing how offshore wind projects can share space with fisheries’ uses of windfarm areas, provide benefits to fisheries, create new opportunities for research, will mitigate limited noise impacts, and how subsea cables can cause minimal impacts to fish. Offshore wind also can increase local biodiversity because of new structures and refuge habitats.
Offshore wind project development and operations will rely on at least 27 vessels per project across all project stages, including seafloor survey work, component transfer, cable burial, crew transfer, and turbine installation. The number and category of vessels used depends largely on environmental conditions, distance of lease from shore, project size, and other factors.
This study forecasts the revenue that BOEM could expect to accrue both from the sale of the area leases and the long-term rents and operating fees paid by projects developed in those areas, which necessarily involves estimating the size of the lease areas that will go to auction in the remaining four lease areas. Economic impacts from these future projects are also calculated.